During the navigation can be encountered many dangerous situations such as pitch and roll of the ship, fire, explosion, impact, shock, grounding, breakage and loss of structure stability. If you notice any of these situations please call one of the emergency numbers. Maritime hazards are considered to be the threat of accidents which occurs associated with navigation and to: sinking, collision and impact, aground, fire or explosion or damage to the hull and machinery. They different characteristics depending on where the ship is so that they are divided into those that exist when the ship is at sea when the ship is at anchor or when it’s moored along the shore.
There is a special group of hazards:
By sinking the vessel may be due to loss of buoyancy, stability loss or loss of strength the hull. It is permanent or for a long time some loss of ship and cargo, and thus the interrupt the execution of navigation. Do loss of buoyancy is due to flooding of the ship which may be caused by water penetration through the holes of the ship or through cracks in the hull. Loss of stability and overturning ship is due to excessive tilting torque caused by external factors or by changing the weight distribution. In addition to sinking the vessel may occur due to loss of longitudinal strength of the ship or its cracking.
Collision is called the contact between the two boats or more. Crash will be regarded as an event when the hulls of ships not touch each other but they come into contact only parts of their equipment. The case when the ship comes into contact with solid objects or floating devices at sea is called shock. Collision of two or more vessels in the waterways can result in damage ranging from minor to disastrous, with possible casualties and long-term consequences the marine environment. Therefore, these accidents often are put on first place when as marine accidents.
Grounding makes almost one-third of all marine accidents. By grounding we imply shock or touch of the hull with sea ground or coastline of more than 15 minutes. We distinguish them between strong and steady grounding. For Heavily grounding it is considered that will cause damage to hull and the environment, while still grounding does not cause physical harm, but these claims because it requires the commercial nature of the cost of un-sinking. Grounding the ship during the ship’s stay at the anchorage or offshore connection can occur if the untimely preparation of the ship or the failure of the ship’s equipment, power tools and machinery boat under the influence of wind and waves should be cast ashore. Grounding is often a consequence of the failure of the machine on a voyage, failure of the control system of the ship or its equipment.
Fire on board usually is caused by various factors; however, if we take appropriate measures, it may be timely prevented or limited. Fire happens usually due to unpredictable circumstances, factors and the occurrence of a significant risk. The explosion on board leads to damage to the boat, equipment or cargo, and pose a threat to human life and the environment.
Influencing factors that affect the risk of explosion:
– Type of ship,
– Type of cargo being transported.
By the appearance of fire or explosion occurs primarily as a result of a collision or a consequence of failure to ship or some of the procedures by the crew of the ship. If the fire on board is not localized in time, it can cause severe structural damage with direct threat to human life due to fire or explosion hazard.